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Grades 2-5
3, 4, 5

Photon Education

Sentences, Coding the Parts of Speech

Duration time:
60 min.
Programming interface:
Photon DrawPhoton JoystickScratch 3.0 (Photon Magic Bridge)
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Reference to the core curriculum

Common Core English Standards: 
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.3-5.1: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

Class goal:

  • To identify selected parts of speech.
  • To explain the function of selected parts of speech.

Type of exercise:

  • Group work.

Required items:

  • One Photon Robot and devices for programming per every two to three students.
  • Sentences for practice.
  • Projector or display to show sentences to the class.

Lesson scenario:


  • The teacher will select the parts of speech to focus on in the lesson.
  • The teacher will prepare the selected sentences so they can be displayed to the students.  
    • Variation - Write sentences on strips of paper that can be placed on the floor.
  • The teacher will instruct or review the parts of speech with the students.
  • Break the students into groups of two to three students.


Lesson Sequence: 

  • Guide the class to create a color code for the parts of speech they will be asked to identify. 
    Example: red for prepositions, blue for verbs, etc.                                                                      
    Based on the sentences and student knowledge, you may choose to have a color designated to show it is not one of the parts of speech the students are being asked to identify.
  • Post the agreed upon color coding for the students to see.
  • Have each group get a Photon and coding device and go to a space where they can discuss their answer.
  • Display a sentence for the students.
  • In their groups, students work to program Photon to identify the parts of speech in the sentence. Photon should move forward, display the color for the first word in the sentence, move forward, display the color for the second word in the sentence, and so on. 
  • After all the groups have coded their robot for the sentence, they should line up the robots.
  • Instruct the students to watch when the Photon robots run their code.  They should look for any differences in the code between the robots.
  • They should run the programs for each robot at the same time observing the differences.
  • The teacher will lead a discussion about the results.  Students should be asked to explain the function of the words in the sentence.
  • Repeat for each sentence.

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